Ayurveda 阿育吠陀

关于阿育吠陀的那些事 Some Basic Things about Ayurveda

2017-09-27 12:25:36 justyoga 7


阿育吠陀有一套非常精准的方法,可以在疾病还没有完全显现出来以前发现疾病。脉搏、舌头、面部、眼睛、指甲、嘴唇、大小便、语言和声音都是身体中一些微妙的指示物。通过对这些身体的指示进行检查,一些病理的症状可以被及早发现并针对这些症状采取一些预防措施。

All Ayurveda treatment attempts to establish a balance between the bodily humors, vata-pitta-kapha. According to Ayurvedic teaching, the initiation of any form of treatment without first eliminating the toxins in the system that are responsible to the disease, will only push these poisons deeper into the tissues. Therefore, there are two types of Ayurvedic treatment: elimination of toxins and neutralization of toxins. These treatment may be applied on both the physical and emotional levels. 



对于疾病的管理包括四个步骤:

1)清洁,

2)症状的缓解,

3)恢复活力,

4)精神与灵性上的疗愈。

Management of illness primarily consists of four procedures: 

1) cleansing, 

2) palliation,

3) rejuvenation

4) mental and spiritual healing.



帕奇卡玛排毒疗法

帕奇卡玛排毒疗法是阿育吠陀中一项重要的治疗性的清洁步骤。它可以清洁身体、头脑和情绪。Panchakarma(帕奇卡玛)一词中的“pancha”是“五”的意思,而“karma”是“程序”的意思。这五个基本程序即:催吐、轻泻剂、药物灌肠、鼻腔用药和血液净化。

Panchakarma Therapy

Panchakarma is a major therapeutic cleansing procedure in Ayurveda. It cleanse the body, mind and emotions. ‘Pancha’ means ‘five’, and ‘karma’ means ‘actions’ or ‘process’. The five basic processes are: vomiting, purgatives or laxatives, medicated enemas, nasal administration of medication and purification of the blood.


瑜伽

阿育吠陀书籍中讲到了瑜伽的几个方面,比如道德方面的修行,体式的练习和冥想等。阿育吠陀文献中记载,单独练习瑜伽或将瑜伽和其它阿育吠陀疗法相结合有助于某些疾病的治疗,例如高血压、哮喘、焦虑症、神经官能症、肠胃失调、头痛、失眠、肥胖症和抑郁症。瑜伽也可以大幅地提高心血管和呼吸系统的工作效率。

Yoga

Ayurvedic texts describe several components of Yoga such as ethical practices, physical-posture exercises, meditation practices, etc. The practice of Yoga alone or in combination with other Ayurvedic therapies has been noted in Ayurvedic texts as beneficial in certain diseases, such as hypertension, bronchial asthma, anxiety, neurosis, gastrointestinal disorders, headache, insomnia, obesity and depression. The efficiency of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems is also significantly enhanced by Yoga.



According to Ayurveda, there are 22 vital points on the upper extremities, 22 on the lower extremities, 12 in the abdominal areas, 14 in the back, and 37 in the neck and head. Manipulation and massage of these points has been used in Ayurveda to treat diseases and strengthen the body. Ayurvedic massage is the combination of massage with medicinal oils and acupressure. Because lipophilic materials can be easily absorbed through skin, medicated oil massage can be a very effective therapy. Specific medicated oils and types of strokes are chosen based on the disturbed dosas, body constitution, injury, and disease condition.

根据阿育吠陀理论,人体的重要穴位有22个在上肢,22个在下肢,12个在腹部,14个在背部,还有37个在头部和颈部。阿育吠陀中对于这些穴位的按摩可以治疗疾病并强身健体。由于亲脂材料很容易被皮肤吸收,药物油按摩是一种非常有效的治疗方法。选择何种药物精油和何种按摩手法要根据哪种要素失衡,体质的不同,受伤情况以及不同的疾病而定。



Ayurvedic massage is useful for general weakness, fatigue, arthritis, musculoskeletal disorders, tennis elbow, lumbago, frozen shoulder, backache sprains, and aches. Massage is also found useful for nervous system disorders, psychosis, drug addiction, gynecological disorders, menopausal syndrome, postdelivery recovery, myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, functional heart disease, cold hands and feet due to bad circulation, varicose veins, psychological problems, obesity, loss of weight, and disturbed digestive system. 

阿育吠陀按摩疗法对于治疗身体虚弱、疲惫、关节炎、肌肉骨骼疾病、网球肘、腰痛、肩周炎、背部扭伤和各种疼痛都很有效。同时,对于神经系统失调、精神错乱、毒瘾、妇科疾病、更年期综合症,产后恢复、心肌梗塞、缺血性心脏病、功能性心脏病、血液循环不畅造成的手脚冰凉、静脉曲张、心理疾病、肥胖症、体重减轻、以及消化系统的问题,阿育吠陀的按摩治疗都有帮助。



Basically, Ayurvedic health care is based on the principle that body, mind, and soul must be in harmony for health and happiness. This traditional health-care system of India, is a complete and holistic heathcare system that contains both preventive and therapeutic aspects. It has a defined diagnostic system covering all physiological functions and organs, as well as specific treatments and management techniques for each disease. Although Ayurveda is thousands of years old, many of its core principles are consistent with modern medicine. Ayurvedic medicine offers a wealth of relatively effective, safe, and economic health-care therapies. 

总的来说,阿育吠陀的养生方法的原则是:身、心、灵的和谐统一是健康和快乐的必要条件。这一印度传统的医疗保健体系是包含了预防与治疗两个方面的整体医疗体系。它既包括涵盖了所有生理功能和器官的准确的诊断体系,同时也有对于每一种疾病的特定的治疗方法和管理方式。虽然阿育吠陀已有几千年的历史,但是它的很多核心原理却与现代医学不谋而合。阿育吠陀医学为人类提供了一套相对有效、安全而又经济的保健和治疗方法。


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