Ayurveda 阿育吠陀

Ayurveda 阿育吠陀

一只铜水杯如何改变你的健康?How A Copper Vessel Transform Your Health?

2017-04-04 10:08:40 justyoga 211


For thousands of years, it has been a daily yoga and meditation practice for yogis to drink water stored in copper pots for hours. In India, many households are still using copper vessels to store water. The water stored in a copper vessel is called tamra jal in India, and the copper pots that yogis use are called kamandalam. Beisdes water containers, other copper tools are also widely used in Ayurveda therapeutic treatments, such as shirodhara pots for shirodhara therapies, copper scrapers for daily tongue-scraping, etc.

几千年以来,瑜伽修行者都把饮用在铜制水罐中贮存过数小时的水作为一种瑜伽和冥想的修行方法。在印度,现在仍有许多家庭使用铜制的容器来储水。这种在铜制容器中贮存的水在印度被称为“tamra jal”,而瑜伽修行者们所使用的盛水的铜壶则被称为“kamandalam”。除了盛水的容器以外,其它的铜制工具也被广泛地用于阿育吠陀疗法当中,比如阿育吠陀滴油按摩疗法中的滴油罐,以及日常刮舌苔用的刮舌器等。



So what makes copper so beneficial to one’s health compared with other metals or materials? According to Ayurveda, the ancient medicinal science of India, copper can cleanse the water, charge it with positive energies, and balance all the three doshas (vata, kapha and pitta) in one’s body.

那么到底是什么让铜比其它金属或其它材质对人的健康更有益呢?根据印度古老医学阿育吠陀的理论,铜可以净化水质,为水添加正面能量,并平衡人体的三种体质(瓦塔、卡法和皮塔)。



Scientifically speaking, studies have showed that copper has ability to destroy a wide range of harmful microbes, molds, fungi, etc. in water due to what is called the ‘oligodynamic’ effect, the antimicrobial properties of certain metals. Copper is especially effective against certain bacteria causing severe illnesses in human body and helps prevent common water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery and jaundice. Disease-causing bacteria cannot survive for more than a few hours on copper surfaces, whereas bacteria can survive for days on stainless steel and plastic surfaces. That explains why water stored in copper utensils will not stale.

从科学的角度来讲,研究表明铜通过所谓的“微力作用”,能杀死水中的多种有害细菌、霉菌、真菌等。所谓的“微力作用”,就是某些金属所具有的抗菌特性。铜可以非常有效地消灭某些造成人体严重疾病的细菌,并有助于预防常见的水质传播疾病,例如腹泻、痢疾和黄疸肝炎。致病细菌在铜制表明上存活的时间只有几小时, 而细菌却可以在不锈钢和塑料表面上存活几天之久。



Nowadays, the antimicrobial properties of copper are not just limited to cleansing water. Copper is widely used in pesticides, fungicides, antimicrobial medicines, antifouling paints, medical devices, antiseptics, and sinks for kitchen and bath environment. Recently, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency registered copper as the only solid surface material to kill bacteria that may pose a threat to human health. Many hospitals are taking steps to reduce infections by equipping their patient rooms and operating rooms with copper alloy surfaces, and replacing bed rails, tables and door knobs. Such alterations have helped to reduce the number of hospital acquired infections (HAIs) in patients by more than half.

现在,铜的这种抗菌特性已不止用于净化水质了。铜已被广泛地应用于农药、杀真菌剂、抗菌类药物、防污涂料、医疗器材、消毒剂,以及厨房和卫生间的水池。最近,美国环保局把铜正式列为唯一可以杀死威胁人类健康的病菌的固态表面材料记录入册。许多医院已经开始在病房和手术室安装铜合金的台面、床栏、桌子和门把手,以减少病毒的感染。这一措施已使得病人在医院被感染的数量减少了一大半



Not only does copper kill bacteria in the water, it also makes the water “alive”. In order to make drinking water safe, water treatment plants use basic filtration systems to remove most contaminants. These systems make water safe for drinking but they also destroy water’s vital life energy and drastically shift its natural pH. 

铜不仅可以杀死水里的细菌,同时它也使水“充满活力”。为了保证饮用水的卫生安全,水处理工厂会使用一些基本的过滤系统来去除污染物。这些过滤系统保证了饮水的安全,但是它们同时也毁掉了水的生命力,而且极大地改变了水的酸碱性。



As a result, the treated water we drink is not easily absorbed by our cells, leaving us wanting more. That is why the treated tap water tastes “dead” and cannot satisfy your thirstiness or energize you. Whereas the tamra jal is ionized and energized water by copper with balanced pH. The copper jug makes it “alive” again. This effect is also described as “positively charged” by Ayurveda. This charged water is better absorbed by your cells and therefore enhances hydration.

因此,这些被处理过的水被我们喝掉后就不容易被细胞所吸收,所以我们总是想喝更多的水。这也是为什么被处理过的水尝起来有如“死水”,而且也不解渴,不能带给我们能量的原因。而tamra jal则是被铜电离的充满能量的、酸碱度平衡的水。铜制的水罐使得水又“活”了过来。这一功能在阿育吠陀中被描述成“被添加了正面能量”。这种充满能量的水更容易被我们的细胞所吸收,从而增加了体内细胞的水分。



Besides its amazing characters mentioned above, copper also ensures the proper performance of various functions within our system as an essential trace element. Although each human body contains only 100-500 mg of copper, copper is vital to the health of human beings. Virtually every cell in the body utilizes copper. Its deficiency can cause serious health problems such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular disease, colon cancer, and chronic conditions involving bone, connective tissue, heart and blood vessels, nervous system and immune system.

除了上述这些神奇的特性之外,铜作为身体中重要的微量元素,还维持着我们体内的各种功能的正常运行。虽然人体内铜的含量只有100-500毫克,但是它对于人类的健康却是至关重要的。实际上,我们身体中的每一个细胞都在使用铜元素。铜元素的缺乏会造成严重的健康问题,比如骨质疏松、骨关节炎、风湿性关节炎、心血管疾病、结肠癌,以及与骨骼、结缔组织、心血管、神经系统和免疫系统相关的慢性疾病



According to the nutritional guideline of the World Health Organization (WHO), an adult needs 1.3 mg of copper daily. Since human body cannot synthesize copper, we need to obtain it from dietary sources. Some great sources of dietary copper include shellfish, nuts, liver, whole grains, beans, leafy greens, chocolate, lemon, raisin, curry powder, cumin, etc. Anyhow, even though we can get copper from various food, insufficient copper intake in our diet is still very common. To supplement your diet with copper, drinking tamra jal is one of the safe and efficient ways, because a safe small amount of copper from a copper vessel will dissolve into the water after the water being stored for hours in the vessel.

依据世界卫生组织发布的营养参考数据,一个成年人每日所需的铜元素是1.3毫克。由于人体自身无法合成铜元素,所以我们需要从食物中获取它。一些非常好的获取铜元素的食物包括甲壳类的海鲜、坚果、肝脏、全麦谷物、豆类、绿叶蔬菜、巧克力、柠檬、葡萄干、咖喱粉、孜然等。然而,虽然我们可以从各种食物中获取铜,但是铜的摄取量不足仍然是一个普遍现象。想要补充铜的摄入,饮用tamra jal就是一个安全又有效的方法,因为水在铜制容器中贮存几小时以后,容器中的少量的铜会溶解到水中。



Below list some of the crucial functions copper performs in your body to keep us healthy:

下面列举了一些铜元素在维持身体健康方面所履行的重要职能:

Enhances immune system

Copper is known to play an important role in the development and maintenance of immune system, but the exact mechanism of its action is not yet known. However, studies show that premature infants or children with genetic copper defects are at high risk of getting infections and would significantly improve with copper supplementation.

增强免疫力

对于免疫系统的建立与维护,铜元素起着举足轻重的作用,但是它具体的运作机制人们还不了解。但是,研究显示早产儿或天生铜元素缺失的儿童被感染的风险非常高,而在给他们补充铜元素之后,这一情况得到了显著的改善。



Improves cardiovascular health

Heart disease is one of the life-threatening conditions and copper helps minimize the risk of developing the disease. Copper has been found to help regulate blood pressure and heart rate, as well as lower one’s cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It also helps prevent the accumulation of plaque and has documented effect of dilating blood vessels to allow better flow of blood to the heart.

改善心血管健康

心脏病是威胁生命的疾病之一,而铜可以帮助减少这一疾病形成的风险。人们已经发现铜有助于调节血压和心率,并降低胆固醇和甘油三酸酯的水平。它也可以防止血小板的堆积。而且有书面证据表明,铜可以有效地扩张血管使血液更加顺畅地流向心脏。



Slows down aging and boosts skin health

Copper is a strong antioxidant, which works with antioxidant enzyme to safeguard the cell membranes from free radicals. The effects of free radicals on aging include wrinkles, age spots, and macular degeneration, etc. Furthermore, copper aids in the production of melanin which helps the body stay safe from sun damage, speeds up wound healing and covers up scars. Even thousands of years ago, ancient Egyptians and Greeks used copper to treat burns, wounds, boils, and ulcers. 

减缓衰老、促进皮肤的健康

铜是一种强抗氧化剂,它和抗氧化酶一起保护细胞膜不受自由基的入侵。而自由基对于身体老化的影响包括皱纹、老年斑和黄斑变性等。另外,铜有帮助黑色素产生的功效,而黑色素可以使身体免受阳光的损伤,加速伤口的愈合和伤疤的修复。甚至在几千年以前,古埃及人和古希腊人就已经在使用铜来治疗烧伤、刀伤、烫伤和溃疡了。



Today, the beauty industry has already embraced the benefits of copper for skin rejuvenation. You will find copper in the ingredients of many anti-aging products. Ayurveda experts say that drinking tamra jal on a regular basis, especially early in the morning, can make a huge difference to your skin.

今天,美容行业也已经看到铜对于皮肤保持青春所起的作用。在很多的抗衰老的护肤产品中,你都可以在成分表中找到铜元素。阿育吠陀专家说,经常饮用tamra jal,特别是在清晨时饮用,可以使你的皮肤得到巨大的改善。



Helps digestive system perform better

Copper stimulates peristalsis, kill harmful bacteria and reduce inflammation within the stomach, making it a great remedy for ulcers, indigestion and infections. Copper also helps cleanse and detox your stomach, ensures the absorption of nutrients from food and eliminates wastes properly. According to Ayurveda, if you want to detox your stomach, drink a large glass of tamra jal early in the morning on an empty stomach.

帮助消化系统更好地运行

铜可以刺激肠胃蠕动,杀死肠胃里的有害细菌并减轻胃部的炎症。这使得铜成为对溃疡、消化不良和病毒感染非常有效的治疗方法。铜也有助于肠胃的净化和排毒,保证食物中营养成分的吸收并使废物正常地排出。根据阿育吠陀所述,如果你想给自己的肠胃排毒,可以在清晨空腹喝一大杯tamra jal。



Aids in weight loss

A recent research done in U.S. shows that copper helps move fat out of fat cells and into the blood stream for use as energy. Normally, we don’t continuously burn fat, especially while at rest, but copper blocks the 'off switch' for fat burning and keeps our body in fat-burning mode while we do absolutely nothing. This discovery seems to be a good news for those who are troubled by obesity.

有助于减肥

最近在美国进行的一项研究显示,铜可以帮助脂肪从脂肪细胞中释放出来,并进入血液作为能量被消耗。通常,我们体内的脂肪不会持续地燃烧,特别是在休息状态下,然而铜却锁住了阻止脂肪燃烧的“关闭键”,使我们的身体即使在完全休息的状态下也可以进入脂肪燃烧模式。这一发现,对于哪些深受肥胖所困扰的人似乎是一个福音。



Stimulates the brain

Copper is crucial for the formation of the brain and nervous system. It also plays a role in making neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers that facilitate communication between nerve cells, and the movement of electrical impulses along nerves. Thus, proper amount of copper in your system will ensure your brain works faster and more efficiently. Moreover, studies also show a direct link between copper content within the brain and creative thinking.

加速大脑的反应

对于大脑和神经系统的形成,铜起着关键的作用。它对于神经递质的形成也起着重要的作用,而神经递质是神经细胞之间传送信息并使电脉冲沿神经方向移动的化学物质传递者。因此,身体中适量的铜可以保证大脑的运转更快、更有效。另外,还有研究显示,大脑中铜的含量与创造性思维之间也有着直接的关系。



Increases energy production

Copper is essential for the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate, which is an energy storehouse of human body. Therefore, when we have enough copper in our bodies, we will have enough energy to get through the day without feeling lethargic or tired.

提升能量

铜是合成三磷酸腺苷的重要物质,而三磷酸腺苷则是人体内的能量储藏仓库。因此,当我们体内有足够的铜元素时,我们就会整天都充满能量而不会感觉倦怠或疲惫。



Essential in fetus development

Nutritionists swear by the efficacy of copper for pregnant women. Pregnant women need copper as it helps in the formation of the unborn child’s heart, blood vessels, skeletal and nervous system. Deficiency of copper in pregnant mothers triggers various health problems in infants like muscle weaknesses and neurologic problems.

胎儿发育所需的关键物质

营养学家们都肯定了铜对于孕妇的功效。孕妇需要铜元素来参与完成胎儿心脏、血管、骨骼和神经系统的发育。孕妇体内铜元素缺失会引发胎儿各种各样的健康问题,比如肌肉无力和神经系统疾病。



Fights cancer

Copper helps to neutralize free-radicals, one of the main reasons for the development of cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, the exact mechanism of how copper helps prevent the onset of cancer is still not known but some studies have proved that copper complexes have a considerable anti-cancer effect.

抗击癌症

铜可以帮助中和自由基,而自由基是癌细胞产生的重要原因之一。美国癌症协会表示,铜元素如何阻止癌症发作的具体机制尚不清楚,但是一些研究已证实,铜的化合物具有非常强大的抗癌功效。



Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland

Experts say that one commonality amongst people with thyroid problems is that they usually have low levels of copper in their body. Copper is one of the most important trace minerals the thyroid gland needs to function optimally.

调节甲状腺的功能

专家表示,出现甲状腺疾病的人群的一个共同特征就是他们体内的铜元素的水平通常较低。铜是使甲状腺正常工作的最重要的微量元素。



Combats arthritis and joint pains

In the 20th century, a German physician noticed that copper mine workers were free from Arthritis. Later, people found that copper has very potent anti-inflammatory properties. This asset is especially great to relieve aches and pains caused due to inflamed joints as in the case of arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally, copper’s abilities to strengthen the bones and immune system make it the perfect remedy for arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

对抗关节炎和关节疼痛

20世纪时,一位德国的外科医生就发现一个现象:铜矿的工人都不会得关节炎。之后人们发现铜有很强的消炎作用。铜的这一特性使它对于关节炎和风湿性关节炎所引起的疼痛有特别好的缓解作用。另外,铜元素能够强化骨骼和免疫系统,这也使它成为对治关节炎和风湿性关节炎的绝好方法。



Beats anaemia

Copper plays an important role along with iron in the supply of healthy, oxygenated blood. Together with iron, it helps in the synthesis and respiration of hemoglobin and releases iron needed to produce hemoglobin in red blood cells. For this reason, it is sometimes used in the treatment of anaemia.

治疗贫血症

对于提供健康而氧气充足的血液,铜元素和铁元素扮演着重要的角色。它们一起协作,帮助血红蛋白的合成和呼吸,并释放出制造红细胞中的血红蛋白所需的铁元素。正是由于这一原因,铜元素有时会被用来治疗贫血症。



How to drink tamra jal

Ayurvedic practice recommends drinking a maximum of 16 fl/oz(or 450ml)of tamra jal a day. For optimal benefits, water should be kept in a copper vessel overnight or for at least 8 hours before drinking, in order for the copper to cleanse and ionize the water. Drinking tamra jal upon waking in the morning is the best. You can also incorporate tamra jal into your daily yoga and meditation practice. In addition, copper pots should not be stored in fridge and drink the water at room temperature. Otherwise, the quality of tamra jal will be destroyed by the fridge. 

饮用tamra jal的方法

阿育吠陀建议我们每天最多饮用16盎司(相当于450毫升)的tamra jal。为了获得最佳效果,需要把水放在一个铜制容器中存放一夜,或者至少存放8小时之后再饮用,这样可以使铜起到净化水质的作用,并使水离子化。最好是在早上一起床就喝一杯tamra jal。同时,你也可以把饮用tamra jal与你的瑜伽和冥想练习结合起来。另外,铜制的水壶不能放在冰箱里,而应在室温下饮水,否则tamra jal的性质会被破坏。



How to keep a copper vessel

Copper oxidizes naturally and needs to be cleaned at regular intervals. Traditionally, a mixture of salt and tamarind paste or fresh lemon juice can be used to clean copper. To clean a copper vessel, use one half of a lemon (you can squeeze out the juice) and rub it on the inside of the vessel. Allow it to stand for a few minutes and then wash off with plain water. Alternatively, you could also try using baking soda with water. Use this mixture to coat the inside of the vessel, allow it to stand for a few minutes and rinse away the excess baking soda with water.

如何保养铜制容器

铜会自然氧化,所以需要定期进行清洁。传统的清洁铜制物品的方法使用的是盐和酸角酱或盐和鲜柠檬汁的混合物。如果要清洁铜制容器,可使用半个柠檬(你也可以把柠檬汁挤出来),将它在容器内侧擦拭。静待几分钟后,再用清水冲洗干净。或者你也可以使用小苏打和水来清洁。把小苏打和水的混合物涂抹在容器的内壁上,静待几分钟之后再用水冲洗干净即可。



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